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Comic Creator

Kees Kousemaker

Sir Cornelis Kousemaker

(25 January 1942 - 27 April 2010, The Netherlands)  Netherlands

Kees Kousemaker

Kees Kousemaker flying high over Lambiek on the Kerkstraat in Amsterdam, an original drawing by Peter Pontiac for the move to Kerkstraat 78, 1017GN
Kees Kousemaker flying high over Lambiek in Amsterdam, a drawing by Peter Pontiac

Kees Kousemaker, Holland's most renowned comics expert, made his mark in the underground art world when he opened Lambiek in November of 1968 - the first comics shop in Europe and now the oldest and possibly finest in the world.

Early years
Cornelis Kousemaker, known as Kees, was born in Steenbergen, The Netherlands in 1942 during World War II, a very intriguing time for the youngest child in a family of lawyers and judges. He grew up in the village of Zeist, where he and his friends roamed the woods in search of any war relics. He was an avid collector and preservationist even at this young age, and would display the found items in the attic of his parents' home and invite friends to visit his "museum" - a dramatic undertaking since it was not clear whether a handgrenade, a centerpiece of his exhibit, was still "life" or not.
It was one of the first of many exciting collections that Kees would share with the world. He also surprised family and friends by going to school at the Art Academy in Arnhem, instead of studying law. He later returned to Zeist as an art teacher.

Kees Kousemaker at the first Lambiek comics shop at Kerkstraat 104 near Leidseplein in central Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Kees Kousemaker in front of the first Lambiek location at Kerkstraat 104

As a child, Kees was captivated by the comics printed in local newspapers (many of them drawn by the Marten Toonder Studios). As many people did at the time, he cut them out for his collection. When his generation came of age in the 1960s, there was increasing interest in and demand for these old comics. During the 1950s comics had been slighted by educators - here as in America, comics were considered evil, perhaps leading to criminal behavior or even slowing the child's reading skills.

Kees Kousemaker at stripwinkel Lambiek comic shop in 1974
Kees Kousemaker presiding over the original comics shop in 1974

Comics store Lambiek
When Kees was in his twenties, the appraisal of comics changed, and Kees himself became one of the major forces in this new respect for the comics medium, when he opened the doors of Europe's first comic store in 1968 - Lambiek, named after the comic character 'Lambik' by Willy Vandersteen, and intended as a pun on some of the modern "boutiques" of the time.

Kees Kousemaker at the old Lambiek comics shop store at Kerkstraat 104 in Amsterdam (around 1979)
Kees Kousemaker in the old store at Kerkstraat 104 (about 1979)

Lambiek soon became more than just a store. Kees was an active collector, not just of the old cut-out Dutch comics, but also of international comics, such as underground magazines, which found their way into the Netherlands thanks to Olaf Stoop's Real Free Press. With his keen eye for graphic excellence, Kees treated comics as art, which met sometimes with ridicule, but also with respect from the established art world.

Kees Kousemaker at the offices of Real Free Press in Amsterdam in the 1970's
Kees Kousemaker at the offices of Real Free Press in 1970's Amsterdam

From the very beginning, Lambiek has been a place where comic artists would meet. Kees was a very enthusiastic, warm-hearted patron and even though he was still very young (he was 26 when Lambiek opened its doors), he exuded a fatherly aura with which he supported and guided any comic artist that timidly stepped into the store, hoping to find interest for their work.

Kees Kousemaker and his son Boris at the opening of Lambiek's second location, at Kerkstraat 78 in Amsterdam in 1979
Kees Kousemaker with his son Boris at the opening of
Lambiek's second location, at Kerkstraat 78 (in 1979)

His legendary comic shop and art gallery has won several prizes, including De Zilveren Dolfijn Award (1979) from the Belgian "strip klub", the P. H. Frankfurter Prize from the dutch club Het Stripschap (1997), and the famous Will Eisner Retailers Award (1995), for Lambiek's unique contribution to the international comics world.

Kees Kousemaker featured in Heinz, by Rene Windig & Eddie De Jong
Kees Kousemaker, featured in Heinz, by Windig & de Jong

Exhibitions
In the 1970s and 1980s many comic artists entered Lambiek, often as teenagers, with their self-fabricated comics magazines. Kees would always buy their work and put it up for sale in the store. Some of these artists were Windig & De Jong, Hanco Kolk & Peter de Wit, Peter Pontiac, Joost Swarte, Gerrit de Jager and Jean-Marc van Tol. They all established lifelong friendships with Kees, and as they rose to fame in the Dutch comics world, Lambiek was proud to present exhibitions of their work.

Kees Kousemaker with Will Eisner in 1980
Kees Kousemaker with Will Eisner in 1980

The first of these famous exhibitions took place in 1986 and featured RAW, the American comics magazine by Art Spiegelman, in which Dutch comic artist Joost Swarte was published. Swarte opened this exhibition and started a long line of exhibitions over the years, showcasing artists like Robert Crumb, André Franquin, Chris Ware, François Avril, Loustal, Will Eisner and many, many others.

A sketch of Lambiek's studio apartment by Adrian Tomine (June 1996)
Lambiek's studio apartment, sketch by Adrian Tomine (1996)

Three things stand out about these exhibitions: in the first place it was remarkable how Kees treated them as genuine Art Exhibitions, always making sure to invite the critics and patrons of the "real" art scene. Secondly, Kees hailed his comic artists with unequaled generosity and hospitality, often putting them up in the famous studio-apartment above the store, which not only provided its occupants with a quiet place in the center of Amsterdam, but was also decorated with the most quaint and exquisite comic art. A true Valhalla for any comics fan.

Kees Kousemaker performing a speech at the Drawn & Quarterly exposition at Lambiek in 1996
Kees performing a speech at the Drawn & Quarterly exposition (1996)

Thirdly, the openings of these exhibitions were joyous occasions for which the whole comics community was invited. They would last until the last glass of beer and wine had been consumed, and often continued into the night at the café on the other side of the street. The highlight of any opening was the speech given by Kees. He was a gifted orator with a great sense of humor.

Donald Duck weekly, Dutch 2500th issue, featuring a story about a visit to Kees Kousemaker's famous comic shop, Lambiek (artist unknown)
Donald Duck looking for a rare first issue at the famous Lambiek comic shop,
in the 2500th dutch edition of Donald Duck weekly magazine (August 2000)
featuring a story about 'Cees Sokkenstopper', our own Kees Kousemaker.
(artwork by Mau Heymans)

Comics expert
Kees compiled various books on comics, including 'Strip voor Strip' (1970), published by his own company De Morsige Roerganger, and 'Wordt Vervolgd' (1980), published by Het Spectrum and co-created with his wife Evelien. Kees also contributed many articles about comics to international publications and numerous references such as the Spanish historieta publication, 'Historia de los Comics'.

Kees and Evelien Kousemaker at the book presentation of Wordt Vervolgd in 1980
Kees and Evelien Kousemaker at the book presentation of Wordt Vervolgd

When the Robert Crumb exposition opened on Lambiek's 26th anniversary in November 1994, fans offered to start a website, so Lambiek became one of the first companies in The Netherlands to have its own site. Kees paid them in comics and the site grew to 80 pages in four years, but he had a much larger vision than that.

A webmaster and Mac tech appeared in 1999, thanks to his son David, which attracted many eager student interns and staff to write biographies and scan comic art for the Comiclopedia. Operating out of the artist apartment upstairs, Kees hoped it might showcase 2,000 artists in early estimates, before Google's debut, but after the article in Wired, a new strategy was created and that number was soon surpassed. The 10,000th artist was added in July 2008, and the Comiclopedia is still growing today.

Lambiek.Net crew on a busy Friday in 2003 in the comics holodeck at Kerkstraat 119 in Amsterdam (photo by Rick Webbmaster)
Lambiek.Net crew working in the small store at Kerkstraat 119 in 2003:
Kees Kousemaker, Margreet de Heer, Bas Schuddeboom & Klaas Knol

In 2001 the History of Dutch Comics (in Dutch and English) was launched as well as many smaller articles, making an excellent reference for comics researchers all over the world. When Kees retired from store activities in 2005, he became more involved with the website's content and used his Mac skills and keen eye to scan many classic comic illustrations that he and Bas Schuddeboom added to the site almost every week for his last three years.

Kees and Margreet working on the book, De Wereld van de Nederlandse Strip
Kees and Margreet working on their strip book
(drawing by Margreet de Heer)

Apart from his work in the store and on the site, Kees was involved in naming the streets in a new part of the Dutch city of Almere, which were named after Dutch comic characters or their creators. In 2005, Kees and co-worker Margreet de Heer produced a playful book on Dutch comics, 'De Wereld van de Nederlandse Strip', in which over a century of Dutch comics was displayed, drawing upon the resources of the legendary collection of Lambiek.

Murder in Lambiek, a 24-hour comic strip by Jean-Marc van Tol, featuring Kees Kousemaker
Kees Kousemaker in 'The Murder in Lambiek',
a 24 hour comic by Jean-Marc van Tol (2005)

Legacy
Kees was awarded a Royal Decoration in 2006 for his numerous contributions to the Dutch comics field, and became a Knight in the Order of Orange-Nassau ('Ridder in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau').

Queen Beatrix embraces her Knight - Sir Cornelis Kees Kousemaker, in a tribute drawn by dutch underground artist Peter Pontiac
Queen Beatrix embraces Sir Kees,
a tribute drawn by Peter Pontiac

The Lambiek store moved three times in 40-some years, but stayed on the Kerkstraat (first at number 104, then 78, then 119, now 132). The latest moves in 2003 and 2005 created a lot of anxiety, but Kees was happy when the dust settled and he was able to leave the daily business to his son Boris and good friend Klaas Knol, who has been with the store since the early 1980s.

Kees Kousemaker comic cover of 'De Jubelende Jubilaris' by Senoeni (Margreet de Heer)
Kees Kousemaker tribute for Lambiek's
40th anniversary by Margreet de Heer
(cover artwork by Yiri T. Kohl)

Kees stayed active with the store and was involved with the site until the very end. In 2009, he was diagnosed with cancer. He died at home, in the presence of his wife and children, on 27 April 2010.

To Sir Kees Kousemaker, a graphic tribute by the famous dutch artist and personal friend, Joost Swarte
To Sir Kees, from Joost Swarte

Upon hearing of his death, both national and international press made commemorations, and comic artists worldwide contacted Lambiek to offer condolences and share their memories of this comics legend, a warm man who has touched many lives and has been a crucial influence on the Dutch comics scene - and beyond.

Kees Kousemaker in his tuxedo at Hanko Kolk's Casanova exposition at Lambiek on the Kerkstraat in 1995
Kees Kousemaker (1942-2010) at Lambiek in 1995

Kees was at the vanguard of promoting comics as art, and was internationally respected as an expert in his field, inspiring and supported many artists over the years. Both the Lambiek store and this website are continuing in his spirit.

More about Kees:
Dutch biography in De Nederlandse Stripgeschiedenis

Laatste update: 2013-10-29

Series en boeken door Kees Kousemaker op voorraad in de Lambiek Webshop:

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Since 1999, Lambiek presents the Comiclopedia as a free service to comic fans from all over the world. The database has expanded to over 12,000 biographies of international comic artists, and also has an extensive Dutch section about comics in the Netherlands.
For 15 years, the site was funded from the resources of our Amsterdam-based shop. However, the current economical circumstances make it difficult for us to maintain this service. At the moment the Comiclopedia's sole editor works for us free of charge, aided by a couple of (international) volunteers.

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