'Histórias e Heróis da FEB' (1976).

Eduardo Barbosa was a Brazilian comic artist, journalist and architect who lived in Rio de Janeiro and from 1973 onwards in Salvador. He was a promotor of the Brazilian national comic, who has worked on mostly historical comics and adaptations for publishers like EBAL, Rio Gráfica Editora and La Selva.

Comics career
Barbosa was born in 1914, and grew up reading the children's magazine O Tico Tico. Later on he also enjoyed reading Adolfo Aizen's Suplemento Juvenil, most notably Alex Raymond's 'Flash Gordon' and 'Jungle Jim'.

Barbosa became an artist himself, most notably for the publishing house EBAL. He illustrated hagiologies for the collection 'Série Sagrada' (1953-1960) about Jude the Apostle ('São Judas Tadeu'), Saints Cosmas and Damian ('Cosme & Damião'), Our Lady of Peñafrancia ('N.S.da Penha de França'), Bom Jesus da Lapa, Saint George ('São Jorge'), Saint Augustine ('Santo Agostinho') and the Virgin Mary ('N.S.da Conceição'). He drew comics biographies of historical figures for 'As Grandes Figuras', like explorer Candido Rondon and the Portuguese settler Raposo Tavares.

For Rio Gráfica Editora he contributed to the Brazilian series of Illustrated Classics ('Clásicos Ilustrados') and the adventures of the mysterious masked gunslinger 'Cavaleiro Negro'. He also drew for Rio Gráfica's local comic book series based on Lee Falk's 'The Phantom' (Fantasma) and Otto Soglow's 'The Little King' ('Reizinho'). For La Selva, he worked on celebrity comic stories starring the popular Brazilian clowns duo 'Fuzarca e Torresmo'.

National comic
Barbosa was a strong advocate of the Brazilian national comic. He served as deputy secretary and public relations officer with ADAGER, a union of about 30 comic artists, illustrators and cartoonists from Guanabara and Rio de Janeiro, established on 29 July 1961. Other members of the board were Zé Geraldo (president), Luiz Fernando (vice-president), Fortunato de Oliveira (treasurer), Rogério Gammara (deputy treasurer) and Flavio Colin (secretary). Near the end of João Goulart's government (1961-1964), Barbosa worked on a comics regulation law for the National Council of Culture, which however was shelved eventually.

Erotic comics
Following the success of the illegelly distributed but highly popular pornographic mini-comics ("catechisms") by the mysterious Carlos Zéfiro, Barbosa and two other friends decided to produce such booklets themselves. In later years, Barbosa even claimed that he was Zéfiro, which prompted retired public servant Alcides Caminha to step out of anonimity and retake the credits for these rather crude but historically interesting productions.

Other activities
In 1958, Eduardo Barbosa wrote a book about Brazilian early 20th century bandit leader Lampião (Captain Virgulino Ferreira da Silva, 1897-1938), called 'Lampião, Rei do Cangaço'. It formed the basis of the film of the same name by Carlos Coimbra ('Lampiao, King of the Badlands'), which was released through Cinedite in 1964. For the Rio based newspaper Gazetas de Notícias, he wrote a novel about the apostle Judas Thaddaeus and columns about plastic arts. In Rio he also served as a crime and political reporter. He undertook graphical revisions of newspapers and magazines, including the cultural magazine Revista de Cultura Vozes. Barbosa participated in collective art projects, and made woodcuts.

Barbosa left Rio de Janeiro and settled in Salvador in 1973, where he worked for such newspapers as Diário de Notícias, Correio and Jornal da Bahia. For Diário de Notícias he made a comic strip about the Brazilian Expeditionary Force ('Histórias e Heróis da Força Expedicionária Brasileira', 1975-1976). In 1977 he produced a comic about the legend of the Abaeté lagoon, in honor of Adolfo Aizen's 70th birthday. The comic was published in 1979 in the city newspaper of Aracaju, Jornal da Cidade. In 1979 he illustrated the children's books 'Gato na Lua' by Maria Lúcia Amaral and 'A Velha Bizunga de Ofélia' by Narbul Fontes.

Later life
In the early 1980s Barbosa worked on a comic book series for France, called 'Yama - Le Mage', but the project was never completed. His career and life was highlighted in a series of interviews in the Correio da Bahia, and in the fanzine Na Era dos Quadrinhos. Eduardo Barbosa passed away on 7 July 2006. He was married to the journalist Naira Sodré.

'Histórias e Heróis da FEB' (1975).

Eduardo Barbosa on the Blog do Gutemberg

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