'Solidarność- 500 pierwszych dni' (1984).

Jacek Fedorowicz is Polish humorist, writer and actor, who performed on many satirical TV and radio shows in Poland. Also a caricaturist and cartoonist, he was the artist of 'Solidarność- 500 pierwszych dni' (1984), the first Polish underground comic, created in support of the independent Solidarnosci trade union.

Early life and career
Fedorowicz was born in 1937 in the seaport city Gdynia in the north of Poland. His family was originally from Warsaw and worked in the naval industry. During World War II, he was in Warsaw, where as a seven-year-old boy he survived the 1945 Warsaw Uprising. As a student at the School of Fine Arts in Gdansk, Fedorowicz was one of the co-founders of the Bim-Bom student theatre, performing with them between 1954 and 1960. While still a student, he also worked as an actor and writer for the local radio station, while publishing his satirical writings and caricatures in national literary, news and student magazines. Among the periodicals that printed his work were Dookoła świata, Po prostu, Dziennik Bałtycki, Szpilki and ITD.

Performer
During the 1960s and 1970s, Fedorowicz was a regular appearance on Polish television and radio. Between 1960 and 1974, he performed in several Polish comedy films, including 'Marriage of Convenience' (1966), 'Hunting Flies' (1969), 'Man – Woman Wanted' (1973) and 'A Jungle Book of Regulations' (1974). In the second half of the 1960s, he co-authored with Jerzy Gruza several shows for TVP public television, including 'Poznajmy się' ("Let's get to know each other"), 'Małżeństwo doskonałe' ("The Perfect Marriage"), 'Kariera' ("Career") and 'Runda' ("Round"). He also performed in several of these shows. In the 1970s, he was co-creator and scriptwriter for the satirical radio show '60 Minut na Godzinę' ("60 Minutes Per Hour", 1973-1981), while also performing popular characters like Kolega Kierownik and Kolega Kuchmistrz. In addition, Fedorowicz performed on stage with cabaret groups like Kabaret Wagabunda and Popierajmy się ("Let's get to know each other"), but also in solo shows.

Solidarity movement
During the 1980s, Fedorowicz was an avid supporter of "Solidarnosci" ("Solidarity"), a broad anti-authoritarian social movement fighting for workers' rights and social change. Labor leader Lech Walesa founded Solidarity as the first independent union in a Communist country. As could be expected, the Communist powers tried to supress the union's increasing popularity and its support in the West. To counter all political opposition, the Polish government introduced martial law in late 1981, which lasted until July 1983. This also meant heavy censorship and restrictions on the mass media, including Fedorowicz's '60 Minutes' radio show. This prompted Fedorowicz to take his activities underground, giving lectures during Christian Cultural Weeks, secretly exhibiting his pro-Solidarity drawings and re-releasing his radio and TV broadcasts on cassettes.

In 1984, Fedorowicz drew the first Polish underground comic book, which chronicled the first 500 days of the Solidarity movement. Created and written by Wojciech Starzynski, Andrzej Witwicki and Janowi Markowi Owsinskiemu, the 16-page story starts with the August 1980 strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, which then spread through Poland. This led to the establishment of the first independent trade union in the Soviet Bloc which was not controlled by a communist party. The first edition of 'Solidarność- 500 pierwszych dni' was published in 1984, and a reprint appeared in 1989. By then, the "Solidarnosci" had a crucial role in the peaceful transition of the communist Poland into a parliamentary democracy. The movement's co-founder and leader Lech Walesa served as the first popularly elected President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.

Later life
Later in the 1980s, Fedorowicz returned to national television with the subversive political TV show 'Dziennik Telewizyjny', which later changed its name to 'Subiektywny Ekspres Jacka Fedorowicza' ("Jacek Fedorowicz's Subjective Express"). After leaving national television in 2006, he created cultural TV shows about comedy films for Kino Polska TV. Since 1999, he has been working as a satirical writer for the Gazeta Wyborcza newspaper and its weekly supplements. Since 1968, his television and comedy work has been awarded on numerous occasions.


Cover of 'Solidarność- 500 pierwszych dni'.

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