Fougasse, pseudonym of Cyril Kenneth Bird, was born in London in 1887. He studied engineering and attended art classes at the Regent Street Polytechnic and the School of Photo-Engraving and Lithography. He served in World War I and got injured. During his hospitalization he started drawing, and his picture 'War's Brutalising Influence' was published in Punch magazine. This was the start of a productive career, contributing his illustrations to magazines such as The Bystander, The Graphic, London Opinion, The Stretch and The Tatler.
In 1937 he became Art editor of Punch, and chief editor in 1949 until his retirement in 1953. He is also known for his many propaganda and security drawings in World War II. He died in London in 1965.