HernĂ¡n Cortez y las Indias, by Lucas Nine

Roz was a cartoonist for the French communist newspaper L'Avant-Garde, drawing cartoons, illustrations and comic strips with the mascot 'Gavroche' (1944-1945).

Not much is known about the artist behind the signature "Roz". In the 1944-1945 period, he was house cartoonist of L'Avant-Garde, the newspaper of the Union of the Republican Youth of France (L'Union de la Jeunesse Républicaine de France). The paper aimed at young workers, and took a stand in defending their interests. L'Avant-Garde's mascot was the young worker Gavroche, whose name refers to the French expression for a street urchin or mischievous child (originating from a character in Victor Hugo's 1862 novel 'Les Misérables'). Gavroche appeared throughout L'Avant-Garde's pages, either in editorials like 'Les Échos de Gavroche' by editor Jacques Denis, or in cartoons and a comic strip, of which Roz was the original artist.

Title card for 'Gavroche'.

Roz drew the pantomime 'Gavroche' strip in the paper's post-World War II issues, starting presumably in the second half of 1944 - after the liberation of Paris - and continuing until September 1945. After that, the feature was taken over by Bouleau, another unknown cartoonist. Both Roz and Bouleau applied a naïve drawing style, revealing that both were possibly amateur cartoonists. By July 1946, the strip got a professional boost when the Spanish refugee cartoonist José Cabrero Arnal took over. Arnal gave Gavroche a reporter sidekick, and continued the feature under the title 'Gavroche et G. Latine' (1946-1950). In 1950, Roger Mas took over, and the strip was transferred to the monthly AG Sélection.

No further whereabouts of the cartoonist Roz are known. He might have been related to the French landscape painter André Roz (1887-1946).


Series and books by Roz you can order today:


If you want to help us continue and improve our ever- expanding database, we would appreciate your donation through Paypal.