Born in Versailles, Marc Bourgne studied history in Sorbonne, and graduated in 1989. A comics fan since his early childhood, he started out with the adventure series 'Être Libre' at Dargaud between 1992 and 1997. For this series, he created the characters Andy and Flo, inspired by his fascination for North America and Alaska and his own childhood memories. The series was reprinted by the publisher Théloma under the title 'Dernière Frontière'.
Bourgne has done historical albums on commission, such as 'Histoire de Monaco' (Dargaud, 1997) as well as advertising comics for Michelin, Groupware, Wafabank, Ipsen, etc. He has been an illustrator for collections like Bibliothèque Verte (covers for the series 'Planète Verte') and Z'azimut (Fleurus).
Between 1999 and 2004 he did the artwork for new 'Barbe-Rouge' albums from scripts by Christian Perissin, based on the classic characters created by Victor Hubinon and Jean-Michel Charlier. Since 2000 he also makes his own detective series 'Frank Lincoln' for Glénat.
He took over the artwork of the series 'Voyageur' from Éric Stalner in 2008 (scripts by Eric Stalner and Pierre Boisserie). Bourgne has written scenarios for VoRo ('L'été 63' at Vents d'Ouest), Franck Bonnet ('Vell'a' in 2004 and 'Les Pirates de Barataria' in 2009) and Marcel Uderzo ('Charles 1er - l'Empereur de la Paix', Fleurus 2007). Since 2012 Bourgne and fellow artist Benjamin Benéteau are responsible for the artwork of new 'Michel Vaillant' stories, that are written by Denis Lapière and Philippe Graton. After drawing a book in the 'I.R.$.' spin-off series 'I.R.$. - All Watcher' in 2010, he is the artist of another spin-off called 'I.R.$. Team' with Stephen Desberg since 2012.