Stéphane Charbonnier, who used the pen name Charb, was a French satirical cartoonist. He was best known for his work for Charlie Hebdo since the relaunch in 1992, in which he participated with artists like Val, Cabu and Gébé. He became a frequent contributor to the magazine, with his agressive and political cartoons and comics, that included the anti-capitalist cat and dog 'Maurice et Patapon'.
He additionally started collaborations with magazines like Psikopat, Fluide Glacial, Chien Méchant, L'Humanité Dimanche, Télépoche and Mon Quotidien. His character 'Marcel Keuf, le flic' and his chronic 'La fatwa de l'Ayatollah Charb' appeared in Fluide Glacial. Several collections of his work have appeared, such as 'Je Suis Très Tolérant', 'Police Partout', '50 Salades', and many more.
Charb was the editor of Charlie Hebdo from 2009 until his death in 2015. He had a weekly section called 'Charb n'aime pas les gens' ('Charb does not like people'). During his tenure, the magazine was attacked and threatened on several occasions for its provoking and often controversial content. He received police protection after the offices were attacked with a firebomb in November 2011, shortly before the publication of a satirical special issue on the Prophet of Islam Muhammad.
Stéphane Charbonnier was placed on Al-Quaeda's most-wanted list in 2013, and was killed during a gun attack at the editorial offices in January 2015. Cartoonists Wolinski, Cabu and Tignous were also killed during the attack.