Appie Kim, by Joop Du Buy
'Appie Kim en het Spookkasteel' (De Waarheid, 23 December 1950).

Joop Du Buy was a Dutch artist with two short but varied excursions into the comics medium. After a stint as an animator during World War II, he made the newspaper adventure comic 'Appie Kim' (1949-1951) for the communist newspaper De Waarheid. Decades later he returned to comics in a completely different genre, as the author of the sex comic 'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' (1974).

Nederland Film
Joannes Du Buy was born in 1924 in Amsterdam. In 1942 he participated in a drawing contest organized in Haarlem, judged by a jury with famous cartoonist Henricus Kannegieter as a panel member. Of the 115 participants, 23 were selected to receive an eight-month drawing course at Kannegieter's home. Among the other contestants were Joop Dam, Han van Gelder, Wim Knotter, Maurice Keuris and Hans Kresse, with whom Du Buy became friends. By signing the contract for the course, the young men however obligated themselves to work for the pro-Nazi movie company Nederland Film, run by Egbert van Putten in The Hague. One of the studio's productions was the antisemitic animated feature film 'Van den Vos Reynaerde' ('Reynard the Fox'). The original story is an iconic medieval narrative poem about a trickster fox, but the animators based themselves on a new, Nazi propaganda adapation book by politician Robert van Genechten. Other artists who worked on this picture were Jan Bouman and Gerrit Stapel. The film was completed, but never shown. 

Appie Kim by Joop Du Buy
'Appie Kim en zijn avonturen met de Griezel-club' (De Waarheid, 1 September 1949).

In an interview published in Leidsch Dagblad on 6 June 1991, Du Buy stated that he had not participated in the production of 'Van den Vos Reynaerde', but only worked on the studio's children's productions 'De Sneeuwman', about a snowman who came to life, and 'Verwitterte Melodie', about an abandoned gramophone in the woods. When he discovered the true intentions of the studio's activities, he applied for a job at Marten Toonder's studios in Amsterdam. But Van Putten put him on the spot: either he stayed in The Hague, or he would be sent to Nazi Germany to fulfill forced labour. Despite Toonder's mediation, Du Buy was sent to Berlin, where he worked in the armaments industry for the remainder of the war. Toonder's business partner Jan Bouman even visited him there with the intention of getting him back to the Netherlands, but the effort was fruitless.

Appie Kim
After the war, Du Buy finally got the opportunity to work for Toonder as an inbetweener in the animation department. He later turned to newspaper comics, creating seven stories with the hero 'Appie Kim' (1949-1951). They were printed in the communist newspaper De Waarheid, where they filled the spot of Henk Albers' 'Bassie Bol' (1948-1949). Appie's debut was announced on 25 August 1949, and his first adventure, 'Appie Kim en zijn avonturen met de Griezel-club', took off the next day. The young title hero was wandering through a medieval forest, where he encountered all kinds of adventures with a "fright club". Whereas many Dutch comics of the time showed a certain naivety, Du Buy was obviously a skilled artist. Especially in his first story he showed Toonderesque backgrounds. In the later episodes he however resorted to more simplified graphics. The strips were labelled under the copyright "Tekenkamers Joop Du Buy" ("Drawing Studio's Joop Du Buy"), which might suggest that there were assistants involved?


'Appie Kim en de Roofridders' (De Waarheid, 27 April 1950).

The original setting of the 'Appie Kim' adventures was medieval, but had intentional anachronisms like telephones, cars, a professor and a police commissioner. The second adventure, 'Appie Kim op het eiland Raredonie', commenced on 4 November 1949 and was followed by 'Appie Kim en de Roofridders' (1 March through 11 July 1950), 'Appie Kim in het Amsterdamse Bos' (12 July through 22 July 1950), 'Appie Kim en de Valse Meesters' (24 July through 7 November 1950), 'Appie Kim en het Spookkasteel' (8 November 1950 through 28 February 1951), 'Appie Kim en de Hefkat' (1 March 1951 through 1951) and 'Appie Kim en 't Genoodschap der Stilte' (14 June through 22 August 1951). At the end of 'De Roofridders', the characters decided it was time to "return to 1950", and the final episodes were all in a contemporary setting. With writer Karel ten Hoope, Du Buy also made the funny animal comic story 'De Avonturen van Bollie, 't Ondeugende Olifantje', published in book format in 1949. No newspaper appearances are known.


"Billiger Jakob aus Holland" (De Volkskrant, 11 April 1962).

Textile salesman
By the early 1950s, making newspaper comics proved not so profitable for Du Buy, so he turned his career into a completely different direction. He opened two textile shops on the Amsterdam Nieuwendijk. He later continued his business in Roermond, near the German border. With typical Amsterdam bravado he tried to sell his budget textile clothing to the German people in the border region. He placed self-made ads (in half Dutch/half German) claiming he could dress a man from head to toe ("von Kopf bis Fusz") for only 100 Deutsche Mark (about 50 euros). His discounting didn't sit well with his German competitors and the local Rheinische Post refused to run his ads (but by bribing the paper's printer he could still sneek his ad in). Der Spiegel, Bildzeitung and regional papers however cried shame over these obstructions against a Dutchman who did his best to help the German common man. Du Buy eventually fully conquered the German market with shops in Viersen, Datteln, Wuppertal, Essen, Frankfurt and Dortmund, earning him the nickname "Billiger Jakob aus Holland" (a "Billiger Jakob" is a salesman in low-quality goods at low prices.)

Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker door Joop Du BuyNimfke en de Nonnenneuker door Joop Du Buy
'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' (1974).

Nimfke
Joop Du Buy was back in the Netherlands in 1974, remarried and returned to the drawing board. He drew the pornographic underground comic stories 'Nimfke' and 'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' (which translates literally as "Little Nymph and the Nun Fucker"), signing with "Kater Kroll". These adventures of a young girl who is constantly horny were serialized in Chic magazine, and then published in book format by House of Magazines in 1974. Joop Du Buy spent his final years in Hillegom, and passed away in 1994 at the age of 69.

Joop du Buy in De Nederlandse Stripgeschiedenis

Series and books by Joop Du Buy in stock in the Lambiek Webshop:

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