Appie Kim, by Joop Du Buy
'Appie Kim en het Spookkasteel' (De Waarheid, 23 December 1950).

Joop Du Buy was a Dutch artist with two short but varied excursions into the comics medium. After a stint as an animator during World War II, Du Buy created the newspaper adventure comic 'Appie Kim' (1949-1951) for the communist newspaper De Waarheid. Decades later he returned to comics in a completely different genre, as the author of the sex comic 'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' ("Little Nymph and the Nun Fucker", 1974).

Nederland Film
Joannes Du Buy was born in 1924 in Amsterdam. In 1942, he entered a drawing contest organized in Haarlem, judged by a jury with famous cartoonist Henricus Kannegieter as a panel member. Of the 115 participants, 23 were selected to receive an eight-month drawing course at Kannegieter's home. Among the other contestants were Joop Dam, Han van Gelder, Wim Knotter, Maurice Keuris and Hans Kresse, with whom Du Buy became friends. By signing the contract for the course, the young men unknowingly obligated themselves to work for the pro-Nazi movie company Nederland Film, run by Egbert van Putten in The Hague. One of the studio's productions was the anti-Semitic animated feature film 'Van den Vos Reynaerde' ('Reynard the Fox'). The original story is an iconic medieval narrative poem about a trickster fox, but the animators based their story on a new, Nazi propaganda adaptation by politician Robert van Genechten. Other artists who worked on this picture were Jan Bouman and Gerrit Stapel. The film was completed, but never shown. 

Appie Kim by Joop Du Buy
'Appie Kim en zijn avonturen met de Griezel-club' (De Waarheid, 1 September 1949).

In an interview published in Leidsch Dagblad on 6 June 1991, Du Buy stated that he had not participated in the production of 'Van den Vos Reynaerde', but only worked on the studio's children's productions 'De Sneeuwman', about a snowman who came to life, and 'Verwitterte Melodie', about an abandoned gramophone in the woods. When he discovered the true intentions of the studio's activities, he applied for a job at Marten Toonder's studios in Amsterdam. But Van Putten put him on the spot: either he stayed in The Hague, or he would be sent to Nazi Germany to do forced labour. Despite Toonder's mediation, Du Buy was sent to Berlin, where he worked in the armaments industry for the remainder of the war. Toonder's business partner Jan Bouman even visited Du Buy there, with the intention of getting him back to the Netherlands, but the effort was fruitless.

Appie Kim
After the war, Du Buy finally got the opportunity to work for Toonder as an inbetweener in the animation department. He later turned to newspaper comics, creating seven stories featuring his hero 'Appie Kim' (1949-1951). These text comics were printed in the communist newspaper De Waarheid, where they replaced Henk Albers' 'Bassie Bol' (1948-1949). Appie's debut was announced on 25 August 1949, and his first adventure, 'Appie Kim en zijn avonturen met de Griezel-club', began the next day; the young hero wandered through a medieval forest, where he encountered all kinds of adventures with a "fright club". Whereas many Dutch comics of the time were drawn with a certain naïve simplicity, Du Buy was obviously a skilled artist. He showed Toonderesque backgrounds, especially in his first story.  In the later episodes,however, he resorted to more simplified graphics. The strips were labelled under the copyright "Tekenkamers Joop Du Buy" ("Drawing Studio's Joop Du Buy"), which suggests that there were assistants involved, helping Du Buy with 'Appie Kim'.

'Appie Kim en de Roofridders' (De Waarheid, 27 April 1950).

The original setting of the 'Appie Kim' adventures was medieval, but Du Buy intentionally used anachronisms like telephones, cars and a police commissioner. The second adventure, 'Appie Kim op het eiland Raredonie', commenced on 4 November 1949 and was followed by 'Appie Kim en de Roofridders' (1 March through 11 July 1950), 'Appie Kim in het Amsterdamse Bos' (12 July through 22 July 1950), 'Appie Kim en de Valse Meesters' (24 July through 7 November 1950), 'Appie Kim en het Spookkasteel' (8 November 1950 through 28 February 1951), 'Appie Kim en de Hefkat' (1 March 1951 through 13 June 1951) and 'Appie Kim en 't Genoodschap der Stilte' (14 June through 22 August 1951). At the end of 'De Roofridders', the characters decided it was time to "return to 1950", and the final episodes shifted to a contemporary setting. With writer Karel ten Hoope, Du Buy also made the funny animal comic story 'De Avonturen van Bollie, 't Ondeugende Olifantje', published in book format in 1949. No newspaper appearances are known.

"Billiger Jakob aus Holland" (De Volkskrant, 11 April 1962).

Textile salesman
By the early 1950s, making newspaper comics proved not lucrative enough for Du Buy, so he steered his career in different direction. He opened two textile shops on the Amsterdam Nieuwendijk. He later continued his business in Roermond, near the German border. With typical Amsterdam bravado he tried to sell his budget textile clothing to the German people in the border region. He placed self-made ads (in half Dutch/half German) claiming he could dress a man from head to toe ("von Kopf bis Fusz") for only 100 Deutsche Mark (about 50 euros). His discounting didn't sit well with his German competitors. While the local Rheinische Post refused to run his ads, by bribing the paper's printer, Du Buy could still sneek his ads in. Der Spiegel, Bildzeitung and regional papers however cried foul over these obstructions against a Dutchman doing his best to help the German common man. Du Buy eventually fully conquered the German market with shops in Viersen, Datteln, Wuppertal, Essen, Frankfurt and Dortmund, earning him the nickname "Billiger Jakob aus Holland" (a "Billiger Jakob" is a salesman in low-quality goods at low prices.)

Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker door Joop Du BuyNimfke en de Nonnenneuker door Joop Du Buy
'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' (1974).

Joop Du Buy came back in the Netherlands in 1974, remarried and returned to the drawing board. He drew the pornographic underground comix stories 'Nimfke' and 'Nimfke en de Nonnenneuker' (which translates literally as "Little Nymph and the Nun Fucker"), signing with "Kater Kroll". These adventures of a perpetually horny young girl were serialized in Chic magazine, then published in book format by House of Magazines in 1974. Joop Du Buy spent his final years in Hillegom, and passed away in 1994 at the age of 69.

Du Buy had some misfortunes in his career. At a young age he was duped, via a drawing contest, into working for a Nazi animation studio in the Netherlands that made anti-Semitic cartoons. When he tried to quit, he was threatened, then sent to Berlin to work in a munitions factory. Du Buy's funny animal comic 'De Avonturen van Bollie, 't Ondeugende Olifantje' unfortunately never seemed to find a host newspaper to print it, so it ended up being published in book format in 1949. Du Buy had better luck with his first and last comics, 'Appie Kim' (1949-1951) and 'Nimfke' (1974). They are Du Buy's most famous works in an off-beat career that begins with children’s adventure picture stories and ends with nymphomaniac-themed underground comix, with a life of controversial borderline discount haberdashery sandwiched in between.

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