Ivan Semenov was a Soviet artist, best known for his caricatures for the satirical journal Krokodil and his illustrations for propaganda posters. In 1956 he co-founded the children's magazine Veselie Kartinki (Merry Pictures). Semenov produced narrative-driven comics series like about traveler 'Petia Ryzhik'. Another character he created was 'Karandash' (pencil). Unlike many of his contemporaries, Semenov did use word balloons and sound effects in his work, devices that were considered American.