Pinocho y Chapete, by Salvador Bartolozzi

Spanish illustrator Salvador Bartolozzi Rubio counts as an innovator of the Spanish comic strip in the 1920s, just like his contemporaries  K-Hito, Miguel Mihura and José Robledano. Bartolozzi is best-known for his free adaptation of Collodi's 'Pinocchio' and his own creation 'Pipo y Pipa'.

He was born in Madrid as the eldest of four children from an Italian father and Spanish mother. His father Lucas Bartolozzi worked in the casting and reproduction workshop of the San Fernando School of Fine Arts, where he also trained his son Salvador. Salvador Bartolozzi published his first drawings in the magazine Nuevo Mundo when he was fourteen years old. The young artist moved to Paris, France, in 1901 to begin a career as a painter. He returned to Spain in 1906 however, and joined his father in his workshop, while making illustrations for Editorial Calleja.

He collaborated with numerous publications, such as El Cuento Semanal (Rústica editorial), El Libro Popular (Ed. Massip y Co.) and La Ilustración Española y Americana (Abelardo de Carlos), and was appointed art director of Calleja in 1915. In 1925, he launched his own children's weekly called Pinocho, in which he gave a personal interpretation of Carlo Collodi's children's novel character Pinocchio. In his version, he gave Pinocchio a new egg-shaped enemy called Chapete. Bartolozzi's rendition even surpassed the original in popularity, and his 'Pinocho contra Chapete' became Spain's most recognized children's character of the 1920s.

Aventuras de Pipo y Pipa by Salvador Bartolozzi
Aventuras de Pipo y Pipa

Bartolozzi left Editorial Calleja in 1928, and began a new series of children's stories called 'Aventuras de Pipo y Pipa' in the cultural weekly Estampa, which was published by Luis Montiel Balanzat. Bartolozzi's work also appeared in the children's magazines Macaco (Editorial Rivadeneyra) and Chiquilín (Editorial Federico Bonet), both from Madrid. Bartolozzi furthermore worked as a set designer for plays like 'The Shoemaker's Prodigious Wife' by Federico García Lorca and 'El Otro' by Miguel de Unamuno.

After the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), he was forced to take refuge in France. His stay there didn't last long; when World War II broke out, he fled from Nice to Casablanca, Morocco, and then to Veracruz, Mexico. In Mexico, he continued his career as a writer and illustrator. He passed away in Mexico City on 9 July 1950.

Pinocho y Chapete, by Salvador Bartolozzi

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