Getúlio Delphim is a Brazilian comic artist and illustrator, who also signed with Delphin and Delfim. He was mostly active in the 1950s and 1960s, drawing comic books based on TV series. He ranks among his main influences Alex Raymond ('Flash Gordon'), Harold Foster ('Prince Valiant'), Burne Hogarth ('Tarzan') and Hugo Pratt ('Corto Maltese').

Born in 1938 in Rio de Janeiro, he began his career at age 15 as an apprentice artist at the publisher Rio Gráfica Editora. He provided cover illustrations for the Brazilian comic books with Lee Falk's 'The Phantom' and 'Mandrake the Magician' ('O Fantasma', 'Mandrake'), Timely's 'Cavaleiro Negro' ('Black Rider') and DC's 'Captain Marvel' ('Capitão Marvel'). He then joined the publisher Garimar, where he drew comic stories based on the Brazilian TV series 'O Falcão Negro'. This Zorro rip-off was broadcasted since 1954, and the comic book was launched in 1958. Other artists for the title were Walter Peixoto, Edmundo Rodrigues, Gutemberg Monteiro and Fernando de Lisboa. Delphim also drew World War II stories for Garimar titles like 'Homens em Guerra'.

At age 18, Delphim began associations with the publishers Outubro and La Selva. His best-known work drawing comic books based on TV (super)heroes for the publishing house Outubro in the early 1960s. The first of these was the Brazilian TV superhero 'Capitão 7' (1954-1966), of which the comic book was launched in 1959. Delphim alternated on the artwork with Jayme Cortez, Júlio Shimamoto, Juarez Odilon and other artists, while the scripts were written by Helena Fonseca, Hélio Porto and Gedeone Malagola. A second popular comic book was 'Jet Jackson', which was based on the American TV series 'Jet Jackson, Flying Commando'. The hero was a World War I Army pilot, who headed a Secret Squadron during the Second World War. The series was originally a radio play called 'Captain Midnight' (1938-1949), which was turned into a TV show of the same name (1954-1956). When the show went into syndication in 1958, it was retitled to 'Jet Jackson' for copyright reasons. The Brazilian comic book was launched in 1960, and 23 issues appeared with art by Delphim and Jayme Cortez, and scripts by Hélio Porto.


Amigo da Onça by "Equipe de O Cruzeiro"

In the early 1960s he was working for the publishing house O Cruzeiro, where his work appeared under the joint pen name "Equipe de O Cruzeiro" with Zé Geraldo. The team illustrated comic stories based on the 'Charlie Chan' franchise, originally created by American novelist Earl Derr Biggers, for the magazine O Guri. The locally produced detective stories succeeded the American material from DC Comics, and were situated in Rio de Janeiro. They also continued the satirical humor feature 'Amigo da Onça' after the suicide of Delphim's friend Péricles Maranhão on New Year's Eve 1961. Their run lasted two years, after wich Carlos Estevão continued it from 1964 to 1972. Between 1962 and 1964, Delphim was part of the CETPA, a union of comic artists aimed at the nationalization of comics in Brazil. Chairman was Zé Geraldo, and the other associated authors were Flávio Colin, Renato Canini, Júlio Shimamoto and Luiz Saidenberg, while the project was endorsed by Leonel Brizola, the leftwing governor of Rio Grande do Sul. Delphim created the comic book 'Aba Larga', about the Mounted Police Brigade of Rio Grande do Sul. The series was an attempt to promote regional Brazilian police forces. Ironically enough, the comic book borrowed heavily from the US franchise 'King of the Royal Mounted'. The character later appeared in a newspaper comic strip by João Mottini in 1963-1964. After the military coup of 1964, most artists involved in CETPA were labelled as "communists" and received a ban from the comics industry. Since then, Delphim has mostly worked for advertising agencies and as a book illustrator for publishing houses.

Zorro by Getúlio Delphin
Zorro

His final comic book work were stories with the masked outlaw 'Zorro' for Editora Abril in the early 1970s. The comics were based on the 1950s TV show by the Walt Disney Company starring Guy Williams. By 1973, the economical crisis had put an end to much of the Brazilian comic book industry. Delphim continued his work as a commercial artist, and eventually tried his luck in Europe. He spent four years in Spain, then lived in France for seven years, and then returned to Spain for two more years. During this period, he mostly worked for agencies from Barcelona, Madrid, Paris and Frankfurt as a storyboard artist, visualizer and illustrator. In 1994 Getulio Delphim won the Angelo Agostini Award in the category "Master of National Comics".


Advertising art by Getulio Delphim

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