Jacques Arbeau, who often used the pseudonym Jacarbo, worked as a librarian when he made his first illustrations for text stories and novels in the Del Duca magazine L'Intrépide in 1949. In 1952 he created his first comic, 'Dop le Chien', in Reflets, followed by 'En Avant la Flibuste' for Junior in 1954. Between 1954 and 1972, Arbeau worked for various magazines, like Âmes Vaillantes, Record, Fripounet, Marius, Ima, Moi en Monsieur and Tintin, creating various short stories and game pages. He also worked on several horizontal and vertical strips for newspapers.
He developed a semi-realistic style for his serial 'Le Roman de la Table Ronde', that was published in 630 strips in several regional papers through Intermonde Presse. He made numerous comic adaptations of novels for Paris-Jour ('Accusé, levez-vous!', 'Colomba', 'L'Horloger du Diable'), as well as educational strips for Presse-Service Magazine. He also worked for the agency Mondial Presse ('L'Horloger du Diable') and the newspaper Franc-Tireur ('Truand et Gentilhomme', with Yves Dermèze in 1956).
In 1959, he took over the series 'Brik' from its creators J.K. Melwyn-Nash and Cézard for Éditions Aventures et Voyages. He created 'Perle' in Anouk with Roger Lécureux in 1967 and 'Mirabelle et Sauriné' in Lorraine Magazine from 1969. In 1974, he took over another famous series - 'L'Espiègle Lili' - following the death of Gérard Alexandre. He made new, and more modern, stories for Lili-Aggie Magazine, and in several books published by the Société Parisienne d'Édition in cooperation with Paulette Blonay until 1986.
By 1982 Arbeau also drew 'Les Pieds Nickelés' from scripts by Serge Saint-Michel. Furthermore, he made illustrations for editorial sections in Système D from 1981, and provided art for comics biographies of Anne Le Roy, Élisabeth de Surville and Émilie de Villeneuve for Fleurus. He also worked for Sadifa ('La Force d'Évangile') and Imagi ('Des Pépins dans le Pruneau', 'La Disparue de Montgeron', both with Serge Saint-Michel). Among his final comics work were two books of 'Aventures d'Agenius' with Jacques Dubourg, dealing with the history of the Lot-et-Garonne area. He retired in the late 1980s.